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Copyright © 2018 Hospital Authority Toxicology Reference Laboratory. Portions copyright © 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011 Hong Kong Herbarium, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Any reproduction, adaptation, distribution, dissemination or making available of the information available within this website is strictly prohibited unless prior written authorization is obtained from the copyright holder.


This website serves to provide botanical and toxicological information about poisonous plants in Hong Kong. Though clinical management information and medicinal uses of the plants may be included, this website is not intended to be a guide for treatment or self-medication. The images and plant features contained herein may be used to assist in the identification of a plant, but the identity should not be confirmed solely based on such information.

The information provided on this website is provided "as is", without any representations or warranties, expressed or implied. The Hospital Authority Toxicology Reference Laboratory makes no representation or warranties in relation to the information provided on this website. Without prejudice to the generality of what is provided above, in particular, the Hospital Authority Toxicology Reference Laboratory does not warrant that the information on this website will be updated, available, complete, true, accurate, or non-misleading.

The information is not and should not be treated as medical advice. The user of this website must not rely on the information provided on this website as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or any other healthcare provider.

While every effort has been made to provide correct information in the monographs, there may still be inaccuracy due to human errors, inadvertent omissions or outdated information. The editors herein disclaim all responsibility for any inaccuracy of the contents and all the consequences arising from the use of the information contained in this work.