Departmentof Pathology

· General · Special Features
.... Department Overview .... Anatomical Pathology
    Staff       Gynecologic Smears
            Sputum for Cytology
            Urine for Cytology
            ThinPrep 2000 System
            Totalys SlidePrep Slide Processing System
  Chemical Pathology
  Haematology & Blood Bank
Medical Microbiology
          Molecular Pathology
Specimen Collection


What is FNAC?

  • FNAC is a safe, quick, and reliable way in which a lesion in a variety of sites (eg, thyroid, breast, skin etc.) can be evaluated. The technique involves inserting a very small needle into the lesion in question to aspirate small numbers of cells. These cells are then smeared on glass slides, stained, and examined under a microscope to determine the diagnosis. It is simple, requiring only 10-15 minutes.

What is the Purpose of FNAC?

  • FNAC can provide useful information to help your doctor decide on appropriate therapy for your condition. It can also be therapeutic for some lesions such as cysts or abscesses, and in many instances will alleviate the need for an open surgical biopsy.

Where and by whom is the FNAC performed?

  • If the lesion is superficial and can be palpated by hand, FNAC is performed by our medical doctors at FNAC clinic located at H3, FNAC room. If lesion is not palpable, it can also be done under imaging-guidance at the Department of Diagnostic Radiology.

What is the working hour of our FNAC clinic?

  • Thursday, from 9:30 am to any time the doctor finishes the cases on-hand.

Are any special preparations necessary prior to having my FNAC?

  • No special preparations are required. You may eat all your normal meals and take your prescribed medications. You can generally resume all normal physical activity following the FNAC.

Will the procedure be painful?

  • The needle used is much smaller than that typically used to draw blood, and most patients report only minor discomfort. Anesthesia is usually not used.

What are the Complications of FNAC?

  • The risks of the procedure are minimal. One risk is minor bleeding which may occur in the lesion or under the skin and may result in swelling, bruise and mild discomfort. This generally is limited if firm pressure is applied to the aspirated site immediately following removal of the needle. Serious complication such as infection or significant bleeding are extremely uncommon.

Will FNAC induce Spread of Cancer?

  • There is no good evidence that FNAC leads to spread of cancer.

How are the Results Obtained?

  • The report will be sent back to the requesting clinic. The results will be explained by the doctor during next appointment in the clinic.

Diagram of FNAC procedure