Departmentof Pathology




Special Features



Department Overview



Anatomical Pathology







Gynecologic Smears







Sputum for Cytology







Urine for Cytology














ThinPrep 2000 System







AutoCyte PREP System






Chemical Pathology






Haematology & Blood Bank






Medical Microbiology






Specimen Collection


What is FNAC?

  • FNAC is a safe, quick, and reliable way in which a lesion in a variety of sites (eg, thyroid, breast, skin etc.) can be evaluated. The technique involves inserting a very small needle into the lesion in question to aspirate small numbers of cells. These cells are then smeared on glass slides, stained, and examined under a microscope to determine the diagnosis. It is simple, requiring only 10-15 minutes.

What is the Purpose of FNAC?

  • FNAC can provide useful information to help your doctor decide on appropriate therapy for your condition. It can also be therapeutic for some lesions such as cysts or abscesses, and in many instances will alleviate the need for an open surgical biopsy.

Where and by whom is the FNAC performed?

  • If the lesion is superficial and can be palpated by hand, FNAC is performed by our medical doctors at FNAC clinic located at H3, FNAC room. If lesion is not palpable, it can also be done under imaging-guidance at the Department of Diagnostic Radiology.

What is the working hour of our FNAC clinic?

  • Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday, from 9:30 am to any time the doctor finishes the cases on-hand. Patients should not later than 10:00 am.

Are any special preparations necessary prior to having my FNAC?

  • No special preparations are required. You may eat all your normal meals and take your prescribed medications. You can generally resume all normal physical activity following the FNAC.

Will the procedure be painful?

  • The needle used is much smaller than that typically used to draw blood, and most patients report only minor discomfort. Anesthesia is usually not used.

What are the Complications of FNAC?

  • The risks of the procedure are minimal. One risk is minor bleeding which may occur in the lesion or under the skin and may result in swelling, bruise and mild discomfort. This generally is limited if firm pressure is applied to the aspirated site immediately following removal of the needle. Serious complication such as infection or significant bleeding are extremely uncommon.

Will FNAC induce Spread of Cancer?

  • There is no good evidence that FNAC leads to spread of cancer.

How are the Results Obtained?

  • The report will be sent back to the requesting clinic. The results will be explained by the doctor during next appointment in the clinic.

Diagram of FNAC procedure